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Jonathan Eisen

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ESSAY ON PAPER

An automated phylogenetic tree-based small subunit rRNA taxonomy and alignment pipeline (STAP).
Jul 03, 2008   PloS one
Wu D, Hartman A, Ward N, Eisen JA

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My first PLoS One paper .... yay: automated phylogenetic tree based rRNA analysis

Oct 31, 2013
2139 views
(Reposted with permission from Jonathan Eisen's blog)

Well, I have truly entered the modern world. My first PLoS One paper has just come out. It is entitled "An Automated Phylogenetic Tree-Based Small Subunit rRNA Taxonomy and Alignment Pipeline (STAP)" and well, it describes automated software for analyzing rRNA sequences that are generated as part of microbial diversity studies. The main goal behind this was to keep up with the massive amounts of rRNA sequences we and others could generate in the lab and to develop a tool that would remove the need for "manual" work in analyzing rRNAs.


The work was done primarily by Dongying Wu, a Project Scientist in my lab with assistance from a Amber Hartman, who is a PhD student in my lab. Naomi Ward, who was on the faculty at TIGR and is now at Wyoming, and I helped guide the development and testing of the software.

 

We first developed this pipeline/software in conjunction with analyzing the rRNA sequences that were part of the Sargasso Sea metagenome and results from the word was in the Venter et al. Sargasso paper. We then used the pipeline and continued to refine it as part of a variety of studies including a paper by Kevin Penn et al on coral associated microbes. Kevin was working as a technician for me and Naomi and is now a PhD student at Scripps Institute of Oceanography. We also had some input from various scientists we were working with on rRNA analyses, especially Jen Hughes Martiny

 

We made a series of further refinements and worked with people like Saul Kravitz from the Venter Institute and the CAMERA metagenomics database to make sure that the software could be run outside of my lab. And then we finally got around to writing up a paper .... and now it is out.

 

You can download the software here. The basics of the software are summarized below: (see flow chart too).

 

    Stage 1: Domain Analysis

 

        Take a rRNA sequence

        blast it against a database of representative rRNAs from all lines of life

        use the blast results to help choose sequences to use to make a multiple sequence alignment

        infer a phylogenetic tree from the alignment

        assign the sequence to a domain of life (bacteria, archaea, eukaryotes)

 

    Stage 2: First pass alignment and tree within domain

        take the same rRNA sequence

        blast against a database of rRNAs from within the domain of interest

        use the blast results to help choose sequences for a multiple alignment

        infer a phylogenetic tree from the alignment

        assign the sequence to a taxonomic group

 

    Stage 3: Second pass alignment and tree within domain

        extract sequences from members of the putative taxonomic group (as well as some others to balance the diversity)

        make a multiple sequence alignment

        infer a phylogenetic tree

 

From the above path, we end up with an alignment, which is useful for things such as counting number of species in a sample as well as a tree which is useful for determining what types of organisms are in the sample.

 

I note - the key is that it is completely automated and can be run on a single machine or a cluster and produces comparable results to manual methods. In the long run we plan to connect this to other software and other labs develop to build a metagenomics and microbial diversity workflow that will help in the processing of massive amounts of sequence data for microbial diversity studies.

 

I should note this work was supported primarily by a National Science Foundation grant to me and Naomi Ward as part of their “Assembling the Tree of Life” Program (Grant No. 0228651). Some final work on the project was funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation through grant #1660 to Jonathan Eisen and the CAMERA grant to UCSD.

Copyright: © 2013 Jonathan Eisen. The above content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.  
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