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Jun 13, 2018
Nucleoprotein (NP) is a major component of the viral ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) complex that is responsible for viral replication, transcription and packaging of influenza A virus. Phosphorylation of NP plays an important role during viral infection. In the present study, we identified threonine 188 (T188) as a novel phosphorylated residue in the NP of influenza A virus by using mass spectrometry. T188 is located within nuclear export signal 2 (NES2) which is chromosome region maintenance 1 (CRM1)-independent. We observed that the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of residue T188 regulated viral replication by controlling NES2-dependent NP nuclear export and the polymerase activity of the vRNP complex. Our findings provide further insights for understanding the replication of influenza A virus.